The Station Wagon podcast: Seattle - Snoqualmie - Olympia: Episode 10: Giving up Three Square Meals

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Episode 10: Giving up Three Square Meals

Are you hangry for some sibling snark? Buckle up, get in the station wagon, and hear how we handled giving up scheduled meal times. Spoiler alert: One of us has a new food baby.



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History

Date
Title
Description
Middle Ages
1154 to 1485 (ish)
Nothing was eaten before morning mass.
Middle Ages
1154 to 1485 (ish)
Breakfast was thought to be coined. Meaning: “break the night's fast”
1600’s
Breakfast for all
All social classes started eating breakfast. (it is thought).
1740’s
Breakfast Rooms
Wealthy people in the UK started building “Breakfast Rooms” in their homes.
1776
Early Americans
Most people did not have a formal room for eating, and relied on snacking. If there was a meal served, the men could be seated, but the women and children would stand and eat quickly to get back to what they were doing.
Mid 1800’s
Regular hours = breakfast
“The Industrial Revolution in the mid-19th Century regularised working hours, with labourers needing an early meal to sustain them at work. All classes started to eat a meal before going to work, even the bosses.”
1840’s-1860’s
Clocks and Social Strata
The creation of an ordered setting of promptly served meals was greatly facilitated by the diffusion of the clock in the 1840s. By the 1850s and1860s, as standardized schedules of school and work began to impress their rhythms on middle-class family life, there had emerged a carefully ordered progression of breakfast, lunch, and dinner, which “marked off the middleclass from the big lunch eaters down the social scale”
Early 20th Century
Cereal is Born
“At the turn of the 20th Century, breakfast was revolutionised once again by American John Harvey Kellogg. He accidentally left some boiled maize out and it went stale. He passed it through some rollers and baked it, creating the world's first cornflake.”
1910’s 1920’s
Working class was educated about family meals
Pools of social workers, philanthropists, doctors, nutritionists, and teachers set out “to educate the wives and daughters of working men to be more intelligent home makers.”due to the conviction that “the well-run home [w]as the most powerful guardian of civil peace”.
1920-30’s
Government Promotion
In the UK Breakfast was being promoted as being important for health.
1934
Taylor Grazing Act
“This act was put into place to help regulate the use of public land for grazing purposes and allotted ranchers certain paddocks of land.” Prior to this, there were unsuccessful attempts by rangers to cordon off their properties.
2015
Hangry
Hangry added to the Oxford English Dictionary. “Bad-tempered or irritable as a result of hunger”

References

  1. Definition of square meal
  2. Defined Three: Holy Hand Grenade video From Monty Python and the Holy Grail
  3. Define grazing: Dictionary.com
  4. Breakfast Lunch and Dinner, Have We Always Eaten Them?
  5. Hobbit Meals
  6. Grazing
  7. Everyone would be around the table: American family mealtimes in historical perspective 1850-1960. 
  8. Bandin, C., Scheer, F. A., Luque, A. J., Avila-Gandia, V., Zamora, S., Madrid, J. A., . . . Garaulet, M. (2015). Meal timing affects glucose tolerance, substrate oxidation and circadian-related variables: A randomized, crossover trial. Int J Obes (Lond), 39(5), 828-833. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.182
  9. Berge, J. M., MacLehose, R. F., Loth, K. A., Eisenberg, M. E., Fulkerson, J. A., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2012). Family meals. Associations with weight and eating behaviors among mothers and fathers. Appetite, 58(3), 1128-1135. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2012.03.008
  10. Betts, J. A., Richardson, J. D., Chowdhury, E. A., Holman, G. D., Tsintzas, K., & Thompson, D. (2014). The causal role of breakfast in energy balance and health: a randomized controlled trial in lean adults. Am J Clin Nutr, 100(2), 539-547. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.114.083402
  11. Brown, A. W., Bohan Brown, M. M., & Allison, D. B. (2013). Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence. Am J Clin Nutr, 98(5), 1298-1308. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.064410
  12. Fulkerson, J. A., Larson, N., Horning, M., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2014). A review of associations between family or shared meal frequency and dietary and weight status outcomes across the lifespan. J Nutr Educ Behav, 46(1), 2-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2013.07.012
  13. Garaulet, M., Gomez-Abellan, P., Alburquerque-Bejar, J. J., Lee, Y. C., Ordovas, J. M., & Scheer, F. A. (2013). Timing of food intake predicts weight loss effectiveness. Int J Obes (Lond), 37(4), 604-611. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.229
  14. Harrison, M. E., Norris, M. L., Obeid, N., Fu, M., Weinstangel, H., & Sampson, M. (2015). Systematic review of the effects of family meal frequency on psychosocial outcomes in youth. Can Fam Physician, 61(2), e96-106.
  15. Hermans, R. C., Larsen, J. K., Herman, C. P., & Engels, R. C. (2012). How much should I eat? Situational norms affect young women's food intake during meal time. Br J Nutr, 107(4), 588-594. doi: 10.1017/s0007114511003278
  16. Kaipainen, K., Payne, C. R., & Wansink, B. (2012). Mindless eating challenge: retention, weight outcomes, and barriers for changes in a public web-based healthy eating and weight loss program. J Med Internet Res, 14(6), e168. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2218
  17. Lee, S. Y., Ha, S. A., Seo, J. S., Sohn, C. M., Park, H. R., & Kim, K. W. (2014). Eating habits and eating behaviors by family dinner frequency in the lower-grade elementary school students. Nutr Res Pract, 8(6), 679-687. doi: 10.4162/nrp.2014.8.6.679
  18. Lim, S. L., Canavarro, C., Zaw, M. H., Zhu, F., Loke, W. C., Chan, Y. H., & Yeoh, K. G. (2013). Irregular Meal Timing Is Associated with Helicobacter pylori Infection and Gastritis. ISRN Nutr, 2013, 714970. doi: 10.5402/2013/714970
  19. Morgan, L. M., Shi, J. W., Hampton, S. M., & Frost, G. (2012). Effect of meal timing and glycaemic index on glucose control and insulin secretion in healthy volunteers. Br J Nutr, 108(7), 1286-1291. doi: 10.1017/s0007114511006507
  20. Reid, K. J., Baron, K. G., & Zee, P. C. (2014). Meal timing influences daily caloric intake in healthy adults. Nutr Res, 34(11), 930-935. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2014.09.010