- Rumble Marketing (read more about our foundational sponsor)
1154 to 1485 (ish)
Nothing was eaten before morning mass.
1154 to 1485 (ish)
Breakfast was thought to be coined. Meaning: “break the night's fast”
Breakfast for all
All social classes started eating breakfast. (it is thought).
Wealthy people in the UK started building “Breakfast Rooms” in their homes.
Most people did not have a formal room for eating, and relied on snacking. If there was a meal served, the men could be seated, but the women and children would stand and eat quickly to get back to what they were doing.
Regular hours = breakfast
“The Industrial Revolution in the mid-19th Century regularised working hours, with labourers needing an early meal to sustain them at work. All classes started to eat a meal before going to work, even the bosses.”
Clocks and Social Strata
The creation of an ordered setting of promptly served meals was greatly facilitated by the diffusion of the clock in the 1840s. By the 1850s and1860s, as standardized schedules of school and work began to impress their rhythms on middle-class family life, there had emerged a carefully ordered progression of breakfast, lunch, and dinner, which “marked off the middleclass from the big lunch eaters down the social scale”
Early 20th Century
Cereal is Born
“At the turn of the 20th Century, breakfast was revolutionised once again by American John Harvey Kellogg. He accidentally left some boiled maize out and it went stale. He passed it through some rollers and baked it, creating the world's first cornflake.”
Working class was educated about family meals
Pools of social workers, philanthropists, doctors, nutritionists, and teachers set out “to educate the wives and daughters of working men to be more intelligent home makers.”due to the conviction that “the well-run home [w]as the most powerful guardian of civil peace”.
In the UK Breakfast was being promoted as being important for health.
Taylor Grazing Act
“This act was put into place to help regulate the use of public land for grazing purposes and allotted ranchers certain paddocks of land.” Prior to this, there were unsuccessful attempts by rangers to cordon off their properties.
- Definition of square meal
- Defined Three: Holy Hand Grenade video From Monty Python and the Holy Grail
- Define grazing: Dictionary.com
- Breakfast Lunch and Dinner, Have We Always Eaten Them?
- Hobbit Meals
- Everyone would be around the table: American family mealtimes in historical perspective 1850-1960.
- Bandin, C., Scheer, F. A., Luque, A. J., Avila-Gandia, V., Zamora, S., Madrid, J. A., . . . Garaulet, M. (2015). Meal timing affects glucose tolerance, substrate oxidation and circadian-related variables: A randomized, crossover trial. Int J Obes (Lond), 39(5), 828-833. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.182
- Berge, J. M., MacLehose, R. F., Loth, K. A., Eisenberg, M. E., Fulkerson, J. A., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2012). Family meals. Associations with weight and eating behaviors among mothers and fathers. Appetite, 58(3), 1128-1135. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2012.03.008
- Betts, J. A., Richardson, J. D., Chowdhury, E. A., Holman, G. D., Tsintzas, K., & Thompson, D. (2014). The causal role of breakfast in energy balance and health: a randomized controlled trial in lean adults. Am J Clin Nutr, 100(2), 539-547. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.114.083402
- Brown, A. W., Bohan Brown, M. M., & Allison, D. B. (2013). Belief beyond the evidence: using the proposed effect of breakfast on obesity to show 2 practices that distort scientific evidence. Am J Clin Nutr, 98(5), 1298-1308. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.064410
- Fulkerson, J. A., Larson, N., Horning, M., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2014). A review of associations between family or shared meal frequency and dietary and weight status outcomes across the lifespan. J Nutr Educ Behav, 46(1), 2-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2013.07.012
- Garaulet, M., Gomez-Abellan, P., Alburquerque-Bejar, J. J., Lee, Y. C., Ordovas, J. M., & Scheer, F. A. (2013). Timing of food intake predicts weight loss effectiveness. Int J Obes (Lond), 37(4), 604-611. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.229
- Harrison, M. E., Norris, M. L., Obeid, N., Fu, M., Weinstangel, H., & Sampson, M. (2015). Systematic review of the effects of family meal frequency on psychosocial outcomes in youth. Can Fam Physician, 61(2), e96-106.
- Hermans, R. C., Larsen, J. K., Herman, C. P., & Engels, R. C. (2012). How much should I eat? Situational norms affect young women's food intake during meal time. Br J Nutr, 107(4), 588-594. doi: 10.1017/s0007114511003278
- Kaipainen, K., Payne, C. R., & Wansink, B. (2012). Mindless eating challenge: retention, weight outcomes, and barriers for changes in a public web-based healthy eating and weight loss program. J Med Internet Res, 14(6), e168. doi: 10.2196/jmir.2218
- Lee, S. Y., Ha, S. A., Seo, J. S., Sohn, C. M., Park, H. R., & Kim, K. W. (2014). Eating habits and eating behaviors by family dinner frequency in the lower-grade elementary school students. Nutr Res Pract, 8(6), 679-687. doi: 10.4162/nrp.2014.8.6.679
- Lim, S. L., Canavarro, C., Zaw, M. H., Zhu, F., Loke, W. C., Chan, Y. H., & Yeoh, K. G. (2013). Irregular Meal Timing Is Associated with Helicobacter pylori Infection and Gastritis. ISRN Nutr, 2013, 714970. doi: 10.5402/2013/714970
- Morgan, L. M., Shi, J. W., Hampton, S. M., & Frost, G. (2012). Effect of meal timing and glycaemic index on glucose control and insulin secretion in healthy volunteers. Br J Nutr, 108(7), 1286-1291. doi: 10.1017/s0007114511006507
- Reid, K. J., Baron, K. G., & Zee, P. C. (2014). Meal timing influences daily caloric intake in healthy adults. Nutr Res, 34(11), 930-935. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2014.09.010