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The photos below make more sense if you listen to this episode. Marc took these pics when he almost (or did) eat something with Peanuts in it. It's interesting to see just how much food he eats that have peanuts and/or peanut residue on or inside.
|Ate eggs instead of a bar.|
|Vegey Meat Loaf and Mashed Potatoes from The Silent Heart Nest. No peanuts in this yum.|
|School lunch when Marc was a Watch Dog at his 8-year old's school. No peanuts here.|
|Marc was forced to eat Oreos as the cookies below had peanut residue on them.|
|Free food at work. Coated in peanut residue.|
|My sweet daughter trying to be nice by giving me peanut m&m's. Little did she know...|
As early as 1500 B.C.E, the Incans of Peru used peanuts as sacrificial offerings and entombed them with their mummies to aid in the spirit life. (ref)
Peanuts taken from Brazil to West Africa by Portuguese explorers. (ref)
Peanuts arrive in Malaysia, Vietnam, China, and Japan. (ref)
Peanuts brought to the United States by enslaved West Africans (ref)
George Washington Carver began his work with peanuts. Her was born into slavery in Diamond, Missouri, around 1864. The exact year and date of his birth are unknown. Carver went on to become one of the most prominent scientists and inventors of his time, as well as a teacher at the Tuskegee Institute. Carver devised over 100 products using one major corp—the peanut—including dyes, plastics and gasoline. He died in 1943. (ref)
Planters Peanuts Founded by Amedeo Obici (ref)
Epipen Invented by US Military for anaphylaxis from any kind of allergen. (ref)
In 2002, Massachusetts became the first state to enact guidelines for the management of food allergies in schools, calling for "peanut-free" tables in the lunchroom under some circumstances. (ref)
President Obama signs into law the School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Act. Rather than require schools to stockpile EpiPens, the School Access to Emergency Epinephrine Law provides a financial incentive. States that require schools maintain a supply of the medication and permit trained school personnel to administer it will get preference for receiving federal children’s asthma-treatment grants.
Brody, J. (1391). As Peanut Allergies Rise, Trying to Determine a Cause. [online] Well. Available at: http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/02/03/as-peanut-allergies-rise-trying-to-determine-a-cause/ [Accessed 12 Sep. 2016].
Businessinsider.com. (2016). [online] Available at: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-history-of-the-epipen-and-epinephrine-2016-8/#when-mylan-acquired-the-epipen-the-drug-was-making-about-200-million-a-year-now-it-makes-more-than-11-billion-a-year-mylan-has-about-90-of-the-market-share-for-epinephrine-devices-9 [Accessed 12 Sep. 2016].
WebMD. (2016). Slideshow: Life-Threatening Allergy Triggers. [online] Available at: http://www.webmd.com/allergies/anaphylaxis-15/slideshow-allergy-triggers [Accessed 12 Sep. 2016].
Peanut Jokes - Vegetable Jokes. (2016).Jokes4us.com. Retrieved 14 September 2016, from http://www.jokes4us.com/miscellaneousjokes/foodjokes/peanutjokes.html
- Allen, K. J., & Koplin, J. J. (2015). High consumption of peanuts or tree nuts by non-allergic mothers around the time of pregnancy reduces the risk of nut allergy in the child. Evidence-Based Nursing, 18(2), 45-45. doi: 10.1136/eb-2014-101826
- Banerjee, D. K., Kagan, R. S., Turnbull, E., Joseph, L., St Pierre, Y., Dufresne, C., . . . Clarke, A. E. (2007). Peanut-free guidelines reduce school lunch peanut contents. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92(11), 980-982.
- Brough, H. A., Turner, P. J., Wright, T., Fox, A. T., Taylor, S. L., Warner, J. O., & Lack, G. (2015). Dietary management of peanut and tree nut allergy: what exactly should patients avoid? Clinical And Experimental Allergy: Journal Of The British Society For Allergy And Clinical Immunology, 45(5), 859-871. doi: 10.1111/cea.12466
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- Commins, S. P., Kim, E. H., Orgel, K., & Kulis, M. (2016). Peanut Allergy: New Developments and Clinical Implications. Current Allergy And Asthma Reports, 16(5), 35-35. doi: 10.1007/s11882-016-0613-x
- Cox, A., & Sicherer, S. H. (2015). Peanut and tree nut allergy. Chemical Immunology And Allergy, 101, 131-144. doi: 10.1159/000375417
- Cummings, A. J., Knibb, R. C., Erlewyn-Lajeunesse, M., King, R. M., Roberts, G., & Lucas, J. S. A. (2010). Management of nut allergy influences quality of life and anxiety in children and their mothers. Pediatric Allergy And Immunology: Official Publication Of The European Society Of Pediatric Allergy And Immunology, 21(4 Pt 1), 586-594. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2009.00975.x
- Du Toit, G., Sayre, P. H., Roberts, G., Sever, M. L., Lawson, K., Bahnson, H. T., . . . Immune Tolerance Network, L.-O. S. T. (2016). Effect of Avoidance on Peanut Allergy after Early Peanut Consumption. The New England Journal Of Medicine, 374(15), 1435-1443.
- Dyer, A. A., Rivkina, V., Perumal, D., Smeltzer, B. M., Smith, B. M., & Gupta, R. S. (2015). Epidemiology of childhood peanut allergy. Allergy And Asthma Proceedings: The Official Journal Of Regional And State Allergy Societies, 36(1), 58-64. doi: 10.2500/aap.2015.36.3819
- Frazier, A. L., Camargo, C. A., Jr., Malspeis, S., Willett, W. C., & Young, M. C. (2014). Prospective study of peripregnancy consumption of peanuts or tree nuts by mothers and the risk of peanut or tree nut allergy in their offspring. JAMA Pediatrics, 168(2), 156-162. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.4139
- Järvinen, K. M., Westfall, J., De Jesus, M., Mantis, N. J., Carroll, J. A., Metzger, D. W., . . . Berin, M. C. (2015). Role of Maternal Dietary Peanut Exposure in Development of Food Allergy and Oral Tolerance. PLoS One, 10(12), e0143855-e0143855. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143855
- Knibb, R. C., Ibrahim, N. F., Stiefel, G., Petley, R., Cummings, A. J., King, R. M., . . . Lucas, J. S. A. (2012). The psychological impact of diagnostic food challenges to confirm the resolution of peanut or tree nut allergy. Clinical And Experimental Allergy: Journal Of The British Society For Allergy And Clinical Immunology, 42(3), 451-459. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.2011.03905.x
- McWilliam, V., Koplin, J., Lodge, C., Tang, M., Dharmage, S., & Allen, K. (2015). The Prevalence of Tree Nut Allergy: A Systematic Review. Current Allergy And Asthma Reports, 15(9), 54-54. doi: 10.1007/s11882-015-0555-8
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