The Station Wagon podcast: Seattle - Snoqualmie - Olympia: Episode 30: Water

Saturday, April 22, 2017

Episode 30: Water

“In wine there is wisdom, in beer there is Freedom, in water there is bacteria.” - Benjamin Franklin
In this episode do you think Julie and Marc have gained wisdom? Nope- we stopped drinking wine. Did they gain freedom? Nope, they stopped drinking beer. All that can be hoped for is that their water was clean and bacteria-free. Their bar is low.

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Wild West ‘whiskey drinks’” To stretch their profits, saloon owners would cut good whiskey with turpentine, ammonia, gunpowder or cayenne. These were called by names like "Tanglefoot, Forty-Rod, Tarantula Juice, Taos Lightning, Red Eye, and Coffin Varnish." Other offerings included Cactus Wine, made from a mix of tequila and peyote tea, and Mule Skinner, made with whiskey and blackberry liquor. A saloon might also be known as a "watering trough, bughouse, shebang, cantina, grogshop, and gin mill".[1]
Grand Rapids, MI: First city to fluoridate its drinking water. 11 years later, 60p-65% reduction in carries.
First recorded history of vending machines in US schools.
“Big Gulp” 32oz cup released by 7-eleven. Prior to 1955, Coca Cola was in 6.5 oz bottles.
The "Smart Snacks in Schools" nutrition standards enacted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, require any food sold in public schools to meet calorie, fat, sugar and sodium limits.(ref)
First major city to pass soda tax: Philadelphia City Council approved a 1.5-cent-per-ounce tax that will affect sodas and other sugary drinks, including teas, sports drinks and energy drinks. Drinks exempt from the tax are those that are more than 50% fruit juice, vegetable juice or milk, said Lauren Hitt, the communications director for the mayor's office.
The tax is expected to raise $91 million annually and fund city projects including pre-kindergarten expansion, the creation of community schools and an investment in parks and recreation centers.
Fostering Stella - serving twice as much water.


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  4. Francis A. Arnold, J. (1957). Grand Rapids Fluoridation Study—Results Pertaining to the Eleventh Year of Fluoridation. American Journal Of Public Health And The Nations Health, 47(5), 539. Retrieved from
  5. The History of The Big Gulp: A Big Branded Cup. (2017). Incitrio. Retrieved 12 April 2017, from
  6. Olver, L. (2017). The Food Timeline: school lunch history. Retrieved 12 April 2017, from
  7. User, S. (2017). Old West Saloon - The Wild West. Retrieved 12 April 2017, from
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  9. Wilderness Survival Rules of 3 - Air, Shelter, Water & Food. (2017). Retrieved 12 April 2017, from
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  11. Drewnowski, A., Rehm, C. D., & Constant, F. (2013). Water and beverage consumption among adults in the United States: cross-sectional study using data from NHANES 2005-2010. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 1-19. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1068
  12. Kavouras, S. A. (2013). Thirst: Survival Instinct or Sensitive Fluid Balance Homeostatic Mechanism? Nutrition Today, S7-9. doi: 10.1097/NT.0b013e31829785f1
  13. Popkin, B. M., D'Anci, K. E., & Rosenberg, I. H. (2010). Water, hydration, and health. Nutrition Reviews, 68(8), 439-458. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2010.00304.x
  14. Ramos-Jiménez, A., Hernández-Torres, R. P., Wall-Medrano, A., Torres-Durán, P. V., Juárez-Oropeza, M. A., Viloria, M., & Villalobos-Molina, R. (2014). Gender- and hydration- associated differences in the physiological response to spinning. Nutr Hosp, 29(5), 644-651. doi: 10.3305/nh.2014.29.3.7017
  15. Tobarra, M. M., Hermoso, A. G., García, N. L., Meseguer, M. J. G., García Prieto, J. C., & Vizcaíno, V. A. M. (2015). Water consumption, body composition and cardiometabolic parameters in children. Nutr Hosp, 32(S2), 39-39. doi: 10.3305/nh.2015.32.sup2.10318